The Hosting City
KALAMATA Kalamata, the capital of Messinia Prefecture, is founded in the south-western area of Greece. The city is built in the heart of Messiniakos gulf, in the foot of the imposing mountain "Taygetos". Kalamata abstains 240 kilometres southly-western from the capital of Greece, Athens. According to the inventory of 2001, the population of Kalamata is 57.620 residents. Kalamata extents on 253 square kilometres while city's demographic density is estimated to be 228 residents per square kilometre
The history of city
The historical roots of Kalamata are determined in the 2.600 b.C. The Homeric names of the city are "Fires" and "Firi". When the Doriens invaded in the geographical area of Greece many years ago, Fires renamed to Fares. The 13th century, Godefreidos Billardoyinos proceeded to the construction of the Castle. The legentary Queen Izampo lived in that historical monument. A small Byzantine church is saved in the Castle which is dedicated to Virgin Mary "Kalommata" ("Kalommata" means beautiful eyes in the Greek translation). Probably the current name of the city derives from the Virgin Mary "Kalommata". Kalamata was the first Greek city that was released by the Turkish bondage 200 years ago. In the historical centre of the city there is a small church of Saint Apostles. There, it was declared and organized the revolution of Greeks on March 23, 1821. It was the spark for the release of Greeks after 300 years of subjugation
Kalamata in the modern period
Kalamata is a beautiful city that combines its historical past with the modern present and future. The old city is built in the ruins of the ancient city Farai, on a beautiful and wooded hill. The modern city is characterized by its excellent street-plan and it extends to the sandy beach. Kalamata is a city that intensely combines the mountain and the sea. The four kilometres coasline constitutes a pole of attraction for thousands bathers the summer months. The historical mountain Taygetos offers occasions for every person who interested for activities that relate with the "natural aspect of life".
Kalamata consists the most important economic, commercial, tourist, cultural and athletic center of the wider region. It allocates one from the more important harbors of the country and it is famous around the world for the "Kalamatiano" dance and the production of silk neckerchiefs. The local economy is based to a large extent on the rural production. Kalamata is also acquaintance in international scale for her traditional products: the olive oil, the black olives and the nougat with honey.
The city is also famous for the qualitative abundance of choices in the sector of entertainment and amusement. Its characteristic element is also the intense nightly life. The existence and the operation of many recreational centers, taverns, luxurious restaurants, cafeterias and clubs in the center of city as well as in the coastal area reinforce the above aspect.
Kalamata, as the city of the culture and sports, organizes a line of events for the education of the soul, spirit and body. The city always was, and it continues being, pioneer in the organization of big cultural and athletic events like the International Dance Festival and the International Meeting of Rhythmics Gymnastics "Kalamata Cup". Kalamata is intensely characterized for its cultural and athletic based sensitivity. The realization of cultural events, concerts, theatrical and cinematographic representations confirm the supportive role of Kalamata in cultute and sports.
Kalamata as a tourist destination
Kalamata combining its natural environmental wealth, its historicity and its infrastructures constitutes a ideal choice of tourist destination. In Kalamata and in the wider region exists a big number of historians, archaeological and tourist insights. The visitors have multiple choices in terms of their historical and cultural searches. Impresive and significant insights that the visitors ought to see are the following:
Benakion Museum. . The visitors can see archaeological discoveries of the widen region which are determined to the Romans period
Folklore Museum Dominical. The museum contains infrequent discoveries of fighters of 1821's revolution.
Castle of Kalamata. Castle visitors have the opportunity to enjoy the view of the city. In the grounds of Castle are found ancient stones as well as departments of fortification that were realized the Byzantine period.
Byzantine Church of Saint Apostles. The church, which is found in the center of the old city, was built the 10th century a.C. There, on March 23, 1821 begun the revolutionary fight of Greeks against Turks.
Metropolis of Ypapanti of Christ The metropolis was built in the 19th century. In the temple is found a old picture of Virgin Mary.
Municipal Library. In the Library there are thousands volumes of varied content: papyruses, in manuscript and infrequent publications.
Park of railways. In this park, in which is incorporated the railway museum, the visitors have the occasion and the possibility of admiring trains of older seasons.